Peripheral vascular disease tests & treatments


Early detection of PVD is important so the right treatments can be provided before the disease leads to complications, such as heart attack or stroke. Firstly, a physical exam will be performed and your medical history and risk factors will be reviewed. There are certain tests to help diagnose PVD and determine the severity of the disease.
PVD 早期检测很重要,提早治疗可减低后期的并发症,如心脏病发作或中风。首先,将进行体检和将审查您的病历和危险因素。有某些测试,可以帮助诊断 PVD 并确定这种疾病的严重程度。


The ankle/brachial index (ABI) is a measurement of the blood pressure in the lower legs compared to the blood pressure in the arms. During this test, blood pressure cuffs are placed on the arms and legs. The cuffs are inflated, while a hand-held device is used to listen to the blood flow. The ABI screening helps evaluate the amount of blood flow to the legs and feet, and is a highly accurate method for detecting PVD.
踝关节/肱指数 (ABI) 是测量腿下部血压相比。在这试验过程中血压袖带放在手臂和腿上。ABI 有助于计算的双腿和脚的血液流动量,是一种高精度检测 PVD 方法。


A pulse volume recording (PVR) is a noninvasive test that measures the blood volume changes that occur in the legs. During this test, a blood pressure cuff is placed on the arm and multiple cuffs are placed on the legs. The cuffs are inflated slightly while the patient is lying down. As blood pulses through the arteries, the blood vessels expand, causing an increase or decrease in the volume of air within the cuff. A recording device displays these pulse volume changes as a waveform on a monitor. Blood pressures are measured before and after exercise on a treadmill and help define if the pain is due to PVD or other causes. The PVR test also helps locate the area of blockages in the legs.
(PVR) 是测量腿部血容量变化的无创性测试。在试验过程中血压袖带被放于臂上和腿上。录音设备作为波形监视器上显示这些脉冲量的变化。PVR 测试可以帮助找到腿部淤塞。

Ultrasound   超声波

A vascular ultrasound is a noninvasive test used to examine blood circulation. During a vascular ultrasound, a transducer is placed on the skin over the artery to be examined. The transducer emits sound waves that bounce off the artery. These sound waves are recorded, and an image of the vessel is created and displayed on a monitor. This test may be used to detect a blockage in an artery.

Angiography  血管造影

During angiography, a dye is injected into the blood vessels being examined, and X-ray pictures of the inside of the blood vessels are produced to evaluate blood flow and detect possible blockages.

CT Scan  CT 扫描

A CT scan is a technique in which multiple X-rays are taken from different angles in a very short period of time. The images are collected by a computer and cross-sectional “slices” of the blood vessel are shown on the monitor.
CT 扫描技术使用多个 x 射线从不同的角度采取影相。图像由一台电脑收集和可以显示血管的横断面"切片"图。


MRI uses powerful magnets to create images of internal organs and blood vessels.

Interventional procedures  

More advanced PVD can be treated with interventional procedures such as;

  • Angioplasty (to widen or clear the blocked vessel),
  • Angioplasty with stent placement (to support the cleared vessel and keep it open), or
  • Atherectomy (to remove the blockage).
  • Sometimes, peripheral artery bypass surgery may be performed to reroute blood flow around the blood vessel blockage.

更多后期PVD 治疗 :
血管成形术、 血管成形术与支架置入 (以支持清除的血管与保持打开它) 或磨 (要删除堵塞),动脉搭桥手术可重新连接血管。

Hyperbaric Oxygenation Therapy

With Hyperbaric Oxygen Therapy (HBOT) the patient breathes 100% oxygen while sitting in a specially designed pressurized chamber. This therapy enhances the body’s own natural-healing process and at higher pressures, oxygen is more readily dissolved into all bodily fluids, including blood, plasma, lymphatic fluid, cerebrospinal fluid, and interstitial fluid. This increase in oxygenation helps to reverse states of tissue oxygen depletion, which is often a leading cause of cellular damage during disease states.

HBOT have been used to treat the following: Stroke, Cerebral Edema, Lyme Disease, Autism, Migraine & Cluster headaches, Near Drowning, Brain Injury (cerebral edema/coma), Peripheral Neuropathy, Chronic Fatigue, Cerebral Palsy, Peripheral Vascular Disease, Immune System Building, Multiple Sclerosis, Sports Injuries, Spinal Cord Injury, Elective Plastic Surgery - recovery. HOBT is also an excellent when used together with other Rehabilitation & Sports Medicine programs.

If any of these procedures are recommended, your doctor will provide more information about the procedures so you will know what to expect.







At KL Vein and Vascular Centre, we are committed to keeping you looking and feeling your best!
在 KL 静脉中心,我们将致力于让你感觉最好。

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